“Play is our brain’s favorite way of learning things” – Diane Ackerman
Emotional skills – These skills will help build a child’s understanding of self in relation to others and the surroundings; and respond to changes more purposefully rather than reactively. This leads to emotional well-being since an individual is able to own and take responsibility for important life-choices. The constituent skills are Self-awareness, Resilience, Empathy and Adaptability skills.
Cognitive skills – These skills enable a child to assimilate information from routine observations, readings, class lessons or interactions; process this information and apply it to other situations. With cognitive abilities, as children mature they are able to process more complex information, deal with abstract concepts and think holistic more easily. The constituent skills are Problem solving, Critical thinking, Lateral thinking and Systems thinking skills.
Creativity – These skills enhance children’s natural curiosity and encourage them to explore many possible answers and methods rather than accept what is being handed down without questioning. Creativity promotes ‘thinking out of the box’ and coming up with innovative solutions to impasse problems. The constituent skills are Curiosity, Innovation, Ideation and Visualization skills.
Collaboration skills – These skills help children to develop easy working relationships with classmates, playmates and adults. While working in teams, children learn early on to express themselves assertively, resolve differences, build consensus and appreciate each other’s cultural backgrounds without being resentful. The constituent skills are Communication, Conflict management, Negotiation and Cross-cultural sensitivity.
Social and Civic Engagement skills – A child’s ecosystem comprises of school, family, friends and neighbourhoods. And as such children hold considerable potential to influence and shape civic life in this ecosystem rather than function as passive recipients. These social and civic engagement skills make children aware of their role, responsibilities and consequences and encourage them to participate actively in decisions regarding their own education, health, family life, environment or human rights – both in local and global contexts. The constituent skills are Citizenship, Gender equity and harmony, Health & wellness and Environment & sustainability.
Leadership skills – These skills prepare children to take on leadership roles in life. As they mature, children become better at strategizing, taking initiatives, goal setting & planning, engaging with others and getting them to act towards common goals. The constituent skills are Organizing, Excellence, Influence without authority and Entrepreneurship. These skills when coupled with all other skills mentioned above help a child become an effective change agent in society.